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Teaching & Learning

PSHCEE

Key Stage 3 

The PSHCEE (Personal, Social, Health, Citizenship and Economic Education) Curriculum operates on a rotational basis. In Key Stage 3 students spend between 7-12 weeks (depending on year group) with one teacher on each strand before moving round to the next topic.

Year 7

Grange Enders – Students read a novel about starting secondary school and making the transition from primary school. The aim of the book is to support the development of students’ social, emotional and behavioural skills through a focus on the five key social and emotional aspects of learning. They work in groups and explore and discuss the issues arising from this. The aim is to give students the opportunity to discuss any worries they may have and to understand how the school system operates.

Health – A range of health related topics are covered such as keeping yourself safe which covers safety in the home, sun protection, railway safety, effects of smoking and first aid. In terms of keeping safe, students also investigate managing risk and online safety. When students investigate mental health and emotional well-being where they assess how to express their emotions and learn how to deal with a variety of challenging situations. Body Image and Puberty is also covered to help students understand how they are approaching a time when their bodies will change and develop and what they can expect.

Economic Well-Being – ‘What is banking?’ starts off the programme of study where students explore why and how people use personal bank accounts. They learn how to fill in an application form to open a bank account and how to find the most suitable account for themselves. They also look at which personal financial services are offered by banks and how to use some aspects of these services. Students have the task of setting up a new venture and have to work as a team to investigate financial planning and management. They also have to consider marketing as part of running a successful business.

Careers – The focus of careers education in Year 7 is looking at themselves and considering their strengths in terms of career choice. Image therapy explores how positive feedback impacts on self-image, choices and relationships with others. ‘What matters to me?’ helps students to understand self-awareness, what is meant by a personal value and how values impact on your choice of career. ‘Which cap fits?’ focuses on four personal values – being liked, admired, respected and trusted. Students are asked to consider which of these values matter to them and why; they will also explore whether there are negative aspects to these values. The ‘It’s Good to Talk’ lesson explores how to develop good communication skills and the ‘Managing Me’ lesson introduces the idea of self-management as a skill. Students consider their own management skills and how these could impact on their future career.

Citizenship – Students explore ‘Living in the UK – Privilege and Diversity’. They are also introduced to our partnership with Kwabeng Anglican Senior High Tech School (KASHTS) in Ghana.

Year 8

Economic Well Being – Students consider what aspects of finance are important to them and how finance plays a part in people’s lives. They also explore how taxation and public spending affects people’s lives and learn about the consequences of avoiding paying tax. Bank statements are studied so that students can understand what they are and why it is a good idea to check a bank statement and learn how to do this. They are also taught how to log into online banking and look at different accounts. Students also learn to appreciate that savings form an important part of meeting life goals. They learn what is meant by income and expenditure and how to draw up a personal budget, and the difference between essential and non-essential expenditure. The flow of money is investigated with a focus on understanding the ups and downs of prices. Also within this section students look at branding of goods and learn how advertising can influence choices.

Work Related Learning – There is a focus on raising aspirations in this unit of work to support students to identify hopes and dreams which can become goals. The aim is to enable students to realise that they have many of the resources that they need to be successful. Motivation is explored with an emphasis on how motivation is vital to student engagement. Students are supported to identify the key factors that motivate them and they then relate these to future career choices.  Students investigate how their limiting beliefs can be barriers to progression and success. They are supported to identify the key factors that may be preventing them from reaching their potential and how these may affect future career progression. This programme of study supports students to challenge and overcome their limiting beliefs.

The second part of this topic looks at children, work and wages. Students learn about starting work and what work is available to them before school leaving age, and what their rights are, including the national minimum wage. They also look at the way business and the economy operates and develop their understanding of the nature of money, its functions and uses.

Health – Alcohol and volatile substance abuse are investigated in this unit of work. Students are encouraged to think about their definition of a drug and explain the term Volatile Substance Abuse. They investigate why people get into abusing solvents and look at the reason why someone would get into sniffing solvents, beyond getting a high. Students develop their knowledge of the physical, mental and social consequences of alcohol abuse. They gain a greater appreciation of the short term effects of alcohol abuse and develop a greater knowledge and understanding of the myths surrounding hangover cures.

Additionally, students study mental health and how stress and anxiety affects them. They look at the causes and symptoms of stress and anxiety and learn techniques to manage themselves in terms of relaxation, positive thinking and taking a problem solving approach.

Citizenship – The focus in Year 8 is ‘Our Community’ and ‘Our Rights and Responsibilities’. Students consider how we work together within our own school community and increase their awareness of active citizenship. Students also look at travellers as a community and are able to identify different groups of travellers. They learn to describe characteristics of different groups of travellers and explain what stereotyping is.

Year 9

Enterprise – Students look at employability skills and explore the skills and qualities needed for enterprise and entrepreneurship, assessing their own qualities and discovering more about what employers value and how they can build their skills. They will learn skills on how to apply for jobs and prepare for an interview. They will have a better understanding of how attitudes make a difference to success. In the ‘World of Work’ unit, students will learn what deductions will be made from a salary and what these will go towards. They will learn all of the terms on a payslip and will be able to calculate earnings and deductions.

The second part of this topic will look at Business Enterprise and students will develop their knowledge of the basic concepts of setting up a business. They investigate young people’s attitudes to borrowing money and express their own opinion. They learn about the different loan options, interest rates, repayment times and risk. The importance of budgeting responsibly is also studied in detail along with attitudes towards debt and knowing what to do if debt becomes a problem.
Health - Drugs Education is delivered in Year 9 with a focus on Cannabis; exploring the facts, the effect on health, social life and on mental health and what counselling is available. As students delve into this topic further they examine the consequences of cannabis addiction through the concept of social and economic costs to individuals and society. They also have the opportunity to express their own views on the cannabis and mental health issues and look at it through the eyes of the media.

The Sex and Relationships programme of study comments with exploring the different sources of information available to young people about sex and relationships with a special focus on pornography. They will then learn about how sex is used in the media and examine sexual identities.  The programme continues with sex and social media where students explore the effects of sexual imagery in the culture around them and builds on their awareness of images around them to further their understanding of their own behaviour with regards to creating, receiving and distributing sexual content via social media and the phenomenon of ‘sexting’. There is then a final lesson to look at sexual bullying, harassment and exploitation with a focus on attitudes, awareness and safety.

The School Nurse also delivers a workshop in Year 9 on contraception so that students are able to understand how different methods of contraception work and what the law is in relation to sexual activity.

Citizenship – The focus in Year 9 is ‘Government and the Law’ where students consider the government, elections and voting. They learn about local democracy and the role of citizens, the judicial system and human rights. Students also investigate Britain as a diverse society.

The subject of Asylum Seekers is explored where students are able to recognise our prejudices and the bias of the press. They are encouraged to imagine what it might feel like to seek asylum and research some experiences of asylum seekers.
Prison life is also investigated and students find out about the realities of prison life.
In Year 9 PSHCEE lessons students are guided through the Options Process. They look at all of the GCSE subjects available and explore their strengths and weaknesses to try and match them to possible subject and career choices. As part of the Options Programme, students learn about the different post 16 pathways and research the choices they would need to make to obtain their chosen career.

Key Stage 4 

Year 10

Health

The Year 10 PSHCEE Health curriculum is delivered through an alternative curriculum day where the students are off timetable for the full day and attend a series of health related workshops delivered by outside speakers. The day includes workshops/presentations on Sex and Relationships, Emotional Health, Domestic Abuse, Alcohol and Sex, E-Safety, Radicalisation and Substance Misuse.
Enterprise education in Year 10 is delivered on the second alternative curriculum day by an outside organisation who come in for a full day of exciting enterprise and work related learning activities.

Year 11

IAG/Careers education in Year 11 is delivered on an alternative curriculum day where students either participate in an A level taster day or take part in a series of careers related activities such as creating a CV, writing letters of application and interview skills. They also look at local labour market information. These students also have the opportunity to make an online application to post 16 providers using the East Riding Common Application Process (CAP).

Students have further opportunities to take part in study skills events and workshops during Y11. At the Post 16 Evening they receive information about the Level 3 courses available and talk to a number of local providers. This is an opportunity to find out what courses are on offer from providers such as Hull College, Bishop Burton College and East Riding College and also explore Apprenticeship Opportunities with providers such as Hull Training, Humberside Engineering Training Association (HETA) and Prospect Training.

They are also invited to take part in a Sixth Form Induction Event after they have completed their GCSE examinations in July. During the event they experience lessons in their chosen subjects and receive advice on how best to prepare for Level 3 courses.

Key Stage 5 

The PSHCEE programme is planned to allow students to:

• receive high quality impartial careers guidance that prepares them for their chosen next steps and enables them to make well-informed decisions about their future plans
• develop personal, social, employability and independent learning skills and achieve high levels of punctuality, attendance and conduct, including through the contribution of non-qualification or enrichment activities and/or work experience
• understand how to keep themselves safe and healthy, both physically and emotionally
• progress to the planned next stage in their careers, such as a higher level of education or training, or to employment or an apprenticeship.

Year 12 Term 1 Becoming a successful sixth former

Students are supported from first entry in the Sixth Form to gain the skills necessary to become successful at this stage of their education and build on prior attainment. PSHCEE is delivered by Year 12 tutors in one hour per week. 
The Term 1 programme is outlined below:
• Study Skills Event Full Day on Induction
• Starting out - What makes a good Sixth Former & Target Setting
• Citizenship and getting involved – Election of form Representatives
• Appointment of student ambassadors
• Head Boy and Head Girl Elections
• Tactics to help you achieve your potential
• Learning Styles and Multiple Intelligences
• Time Management for Sixth Formers
• Developing Your Memory
• The Importance of Sleep
• Independent Learning Skills – University Visit
• Preparing for First Monitoring and Target Setting Interview
• Individual Monitoring and Target Setting Tutor Interviews Review Point 1
• Looking Ahead’ Part 1  Hull University Careers Service
• Future Plans and Work Experience
• Managing Workload & Stress and Exams
• Introduction to Growth Mindset
• Success and Luck –How to achieve your goals

Year 12 Term 2 Health & Wellbeing

In term 2, Year 12 students attend a series of health related workshops delivered by outside speakers with tutors supporting in the one-hour PSHCEE lesson.
• Individual Monitoring and Target Setting Tutor Interviews Review Point 2
• Sexual Health
• Eating Disorders
• Sex & Relationships
• Young Driver Safety
• Young People & Alcohol
• National Careers Week – Employability Skills & CV Writing
• Individual Monitoring and Target Setting Tutor Interviews Review Point 3
• Drugs Education
• Internet Safety –use of social media
• Mental Health Issues
• Introduction to Unifrog
• ‘Looking Ahead’ Part 2 Hull University Careers Service
• Gap Year –things to consider
• Debate of topical Issues

Year 12 Term 3 Looking Ahead Future Plans

In term 3, PSHCEE is delivered by Year 12 tutors in one hour per week. This is supplemented by a dedicated Post 18 Choices event and a visit to Hull University Higher Education Fair. Students do not attend formal PSHCEE lessons during the 3 – week examination period but are supported individually by tutors at this time according to need.

• Individual Monitoring and Target Setting Tutor Interviews Review Point 4
• Study and revision skills revisited
• Post 18 Choices Day (In School) including university, apprenticeships and foundation degrees
• Visit to Humberside Higher Education Fair Hull University
• An Introduction to Student Finance
• Preparation for Work Experience
• Work Experience Week

Year 13

PSHCEE is delivered by Year 13 tutors in one hour per week.  Where possible the students keep the same tutor from Year 12 to Year 13. In Year 13 the focus is on ensuring that students establish clear goals from the outset and that they build on their experience in Year 12 to develop the skills, qualifications and personal attributes that will enable them to progress to the planned next stage in their careers, such as a higher level of education or training, or to employment or an apprenticeship.

The delivery model is different form Year 12 as tutors expect students to work more independently, conducting research on suitable pathways. Tutors work with individuals to complete personal statements and references for those applying to university, or to produce CVs and letters of application for those following alternative routes. Students have access to a wide range of websites such as Unifrog and Kudos Aspire to help them make appropriate choices.

The tutor interviews are all important in agreeing targets and setting goals for the future. After each data collection tutors interview each student in their form group to review progress against targets and to formulate action plans if students are below target in terms of grades or attitude to learning.

The Year 13 PSHCEE Programme covers the following:
• Citizenship and getting involved – Election of form Representatives
• Appointment of student ambassadors
• Head Boy and Head Girl Elections
• Re-enrolment interviews & performance review
• Forward Planning
• UCAS Preparation
• Input from Hull University careers Service – ‘Choosing the Right Course’
• Visits from apprenticeship providers
• Personal Statement Writing
• Newcastle Ambassadors Visit
• CV and Employability Skills
• Individual Target- Setting and Monitoring Interviews
• Interview Techniques
• Topical Issues Debate
• Individual Target- Setting and Monitoring Interviews
• Exam Technique Preparation

From Term 2 tutors see students for individual mentoring appointments with a focus on students who require additional support or who have no clear planned pathway post 18.